Refrigeration units of provision storerooms for storage of sausage, ham products and edible animal fats
Provision refrigerating storeroom for storage of edible animal fats. Description and technical characteristics
The storeroom is intended for fats storage.
Edible fats, produced by food industry in a large variety, can be referred to the following main groups:
- vegetable oils;
- animal fats (diary butter and melted butter, rendered animal fats (GOST 25292-82);
- fats consisting of the mixture of natural and treated vegetable oils and animal fats (margarine, cooking and confectionery fats).
Packed fats are stored in bulk– in wooden barrels with a capacity from 50 to 150 l, made of seasoned wood. The main type of containers for storage – plywood stamped barrels and spirally wound fiber drums with 50 l capacity.
In the storeroom for fats storage, presented in this project, the animal fats are stored in a tare with small capacity with a pack put in it, made of vegetable parchment, and also in glass jars and metal cans.
Table 7.1 – Production name and storage time at a temperature in the storeroom from -5 to -8 °С.
|Storage time, months|
|Beef, mutton, pork fat in boxes and barrels||
|Bone, horse fat in boxes and barrels||
|Combined fat in barrels||
Beef, mutton, pork fat in metal cans
in customer-size package
Fats with antioxidants
in boxes and barrels
in customer-size package
Maximum storage time for fats is indicated in Table 7.1. The storeroom operation mode is optimized for long-term storage. But under the operation conditions of this facility, the fats, intended for sale and use in cooking, are stored for short time in the storeroom with following periods, hours – 8, 12, 24, 36, 48, 72.
Storeroom main elements
Cooling chamber, oil coolers, shelves for production storage, system of refrigerant pipelines which connect coolers and condensing unit, electrical cables, control block of provision storeroom.
Figure 7.1 – Arrangement of provision storeroom for fats storing
Notes – Dimensions are given for information only.
Wall and ceiling sandwich panels in some views are not shown for clarity.
Designations given in Figure 7.1
1 – Cooling chamber.
2 – Shelves for storage of packed production (fats).
3 – Tare with fats.
4, 5 – Air coolers ECO CTE 58M6 ED.
6 – Control block of provision storeroom.
7 – Lighting lamps.
8 – Refrigerant leak detector.
Figure 7.2 – Air cooler ECO CTE 58M6 ED. General view